2 of the settings I most highly anticipated on the D5300 are the options to configure back button focusing, and to force the shot on shutter regardless of focus. The D3100 did not have these options, and I can't begin to relate the frustration I felt from the D3100 refusing to take a shot because *it* did not think the shot was in focus.
That is no longer an issue for me with the D5300, and these were pretty near the first 2 settings I configured upon getting the camera. Seriously... I literally put the battery in and hunted these settings down.
First Setting: Back Button Focusing.
Back button focusing is really handy for when you want to focus a shot, re-adjust your composition, and then take a shot based off the original focus. The camera does not label the option as back button focusing, though. So, it does take a little familiarity to find the option.
The Second Setting: Forcing the camera to take the shot when you press the Shutter Button.
This is also under the "Custom Settings Menu" but is under subsection a Autofocus. It is the highlighted item in the picture: a1 AF-C priority selection. Set that to "Release" and every time you press the shutter button, the camera will take the picture. No more fighting autofocus!!!!!!